What is regression analysis? Definition, types and examples (2023)

If you want to find data trends or predict sales based on certain variables,regression analysisit's the way to go.

In this article, we will learn about regression analysis, types of regression analysis, business applications and their use cases. Feel free to skip to a section that is relevant to you.

  • What is regression analysis?
  • Frequently asked questions about regression analysis
  • Why is regression analysis important?
  • Types of Regression Analysis and When to Use Them
  • How do companies use regression analysis?
  • Regression Analysis Use Cases

What is regression analysis?

In simple terms, regression analysis identifies variables that have an impact on another variable.

Regression modeling is primarily used in finance, investing, and other areas to determine the strength and character of the relationship between a dependent variable and several other variables.

Frequently asked questions about regression analysis

Let's look at some of the most frequently asked questions about regression analysis before we dive into understanding everything about the regression method.

1. What does multiple regression analysis mean?

Multiple regression analyzesIt is a statistical method used to predict the value of a dependent variable based on the values ​​of two or more independent variables.

2. In regression analysis, what is the predictor variable called?

Heforecast variableis the name given to an independent variable that we use in regression analysis.

(Video) Regression analysis

The predictor variable provides information about an associated dependent variable with respect to a given outcome. In essence, predictor variables are those that are linked to specific outcomes.

3. What is a residual plot in a regression analysis?

Aparcela residualis a graph showing the residuals on the vertical axis and the independent variable on the horizontal axis.

Also, the residual graph is a representation of how close each data point is (vertically) to the graph of the regression model's prediction equation. If the data point is above or below the model's prediction equation graph, it is assumed to fit the data.

4. What is linear regression analysis?

Linear regression analysisIt is used to predict the value of one variable based on the value of another variable. The variable you want to predict is called the dependent variable. The variable you are using to predict the other value is called the independent variable.

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(Video) Regression Analysis: An introduction to Linear and Logistic Regression

What is regression analysis? Definition, types and examples (1)

Why is regression analysis important?

There are many commercial applications of regression analysis.

  • For any machine learning problem involving continuous numbers, regression analysis is essential. Some of these cases could be:
  1. testing cars
  2. Weather analysis and forecast
  3. Forecasting sales and promotions.
  4. financial forecast
  5. Time series forecast
  • Regression analysis data also helps to understand whether the relationship between two different variables can lead to potential business opportunities.
  • For example, if you change one variable (e.g. delivery speed), the regression analysis will tell you what kind of effect this has on other variables (e.g. customer satisfaction, low value orders, etc.).
  • One of the best ways to solve regression problems in machine learning using a data model is through regression analysis. Plot points on a graph and perform the bestfit line, helps to predict the possibility of errors.
  • Insights from these patterns help companies see the kind of difference it makes to their bottom line.

5 types of regression analysis and when to use them

1. Linear regression analysis

  • This type of regression analysis is one of the most basic types of regression and is widely used in machine learning.
  • Linear regression has a predictor variable and a dependent variable that are linearly related to each other.
  • Also, linear regression is used in cases where the relationship between variables is linearly related.

Let's say you want to measure the impact of email marketing on your sales. Linear analysis can be wrong as there will be aberrations. Therefore, you should not use large datasets (big data services) for linear regression.

2. Logistic regression analysis

  • If your dependent variable has discrete values, that is, if they can only have one or two values, SPSS Logistic Regression is the way to go.
  • The two values ​​can be 0 or 1, black or white, true or false, pass or fail, etc.
  • To show the relationship between the target and the independent variables, logistic regression uses a sigmoid curve.

This type of regression is best used when there are large datasets that have the potential for equal values ​​to occur in the target variables. There shouldn't be a large correlation between the independent variables in the dataset.

3. Loop regression analysis

  • Lasso regression is a regularization technique that reduces model complexity.
  • How does he do it? Limiting the absolute size of the regression coefficient.
  • By doing so, the coefficient value approaches zero. This does not happen with crest regression.

Lass regression is advantageous because it uses feature selection, allowing you to select a set of features from the database to build your model. By using only the necessary functions, loop regression is able to avoid overfitting.

4. Ridge regression analysis

  • If there is a high correlation between the independent variables, the recommended tool is ridge regression.
  • It is also a regularization technique that reduces the complexity of the model.

Peak regression makes the model less prone to overfitting by introducing a small amount of bias known as a peak regression penalty, with the help of a bias matrix.

(Video) Regression Analysis | Full Course

5. Polynomial regression analysis

  • Polynomial regression models a non-linear data set with the help of a linear model.
  • Its operation is similar to that of multiple linear regression, but it uses a non-linear curve and is mainly used when data points are available in a non-linear way.
  • It transforms the data points into polynomial characteristics of a given degree and manages to model them in the form of a linear model.

Polynomial regression involves fitting data points using a polynomial line. As this model is susceptible to overfitting, companies are advised to analyze the curve last to obtain accurate results.

While there are many other regression analysis techniques, these are the most popular.

What is regression analysis? Definition, types and examples (2)

How do companies use regression analysis?

Regression statistics help companies understand what their data points represent and how to use them with the help of business analysis techniques.

Using this regression model, you will understand how the typical value of the dependent variable changes based on how the other independent variables are held fixed.

Data professionals use this incredibly powerful statistical tool to weed out unwanted variables and select the ones that are most important to the business.

Here are some uses of regression analysis:

(Video) An Introduction to Linear Regression Analysis

1. Business optimization

  • The whole purpose of regression analysis is to take the collected data and turn it into actionable insights.
  • With the help of regression analysis, there will be no guesswork or guesswork based on the decisions that need to be made.
  • Data-driven decision making improves the outcome the organization delivers.
  • Furthermore, regression charts help organizations experiment with inputs that might not have been thought of before, but now that they are backed by data, the chances of success are also incredibly high.
  • When a large amount of data is available, the accuracy of insights will also be high.

2. Predictive analytics

  • For companies that want to stay ahead of the competition, they need to be able to predict future trends. Organizations use regression analysis to understand what the future holds.
  • To predict trends, data analysts predict how dependent variables change based on specific values ​​assigned to them.
  • You can use multivariate linear regression for tasks like plotting growth plans, forecasting sales volumes, forecasting needed inventory, and so on.
  • To make good predictions, the procedure for regression is mentioned below:
    • Learn about the area to collect data from different sources
    • Collect the necessary data for the relevant variables
    • Specify and measure your regression model
    • If you have a model that fits the data, use it to generate predictions

3. Decision making

  • For companies to function effectively, they need to make better decisions and be aware of how each of their decisions will affect them. If they don't understand the consequences of their decisions, it can be difficult for them to function well.
  • Companies need to collect information about each of their departments: sales, operations, marketing, finance, human resources, expenses, budget allocation, etc. Using relevant parameters and analyzing them helps companies to improve their results.
  • Regression analysis helps companies make sense of their data and gain insight into their operations. Business analysts widely use regression analysis to make strategic business decisions.

4. Understand the flaws

  • One of the most important things most companies fail to do is not reflect on their failures.
  • Without contemplating why they failed a marketing campaign or why their churn rate has increased over the past two years, they will never find ways to get it right.
  • Regression analysis provides quantitative support to enable this type of decision making.

5. Prediction of success

  • You can use regression analysis to predict an organization's likelihood of success in several ways.
  • In addition, regression in statistics analyzes the data point of various sales data, including current sales data, to understand and predict the success rate in the future.

6. Risk analysis

  • When analyzing data, data analysts sometimes make the mistake of seeing correlation and causation as the same thing. However, companies must know that correlation is not causation.
  • Finance organizations use regression data to assess their risk and guide them in making sound business decisions.

7. Provides new insights

  • Looking at a large dataset will help you gain new insights. But data, without analysis, is meaningless.
  • With the help of regression analysis, you can find the relationship between a variety of variables to discover patterns.
  • For example, regression models might indicate that there are more returns from a given supplier. The e-commerce company may contact the seller to understand how they ship their products.

Each of these problems has different solutions for them. Without regression analysis, it might have been difficult to understand exactly what the problem was in the first place.

8. Analyze marketing effectiveness

  • When the company wants to know if the funds invested in marketing campaigns for a certain brand will provide sufficient ROI, regression analysis is the way to go.
  • It is possible to verify the isolated impact of each campaign by controlling the factors that will affect sales.
  • Businesses invest in various marketing channels: email marketing, paid ads, Instagram influencers, etc. Regression statistics are able to capture the isolated ROI as well as the combined ROI of each of these companies.

What is regression analysis? Definition, types and examples (3)

7 Regression Analysis Use Cases

1. Credit card

  • Credit card companies use regression analysis to understand various factors such as future consumer behavior, credit balance forecast, customer credit default risk, etc.
  • All these data points help the company to implement specific EMI options based on the results.
  • This will help credit card companies watch out for risky customers.

2. Finance

  • Simple linear regression (also called ordinary least squares (OLS)) provides a general rationale for finding the line of best fit between data points.
  • One of the most common applications using the statistical model is the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM), which describes the relationship between the returns and risks of investing in a security.

3. Pharmaceutical products

  • Pharmaceutical companies use the process to analyze quantitative stability data to estimate the shelf life of a product. This is because he finds the nature of the relationship between an attribute and time.
  • Medical researchers use regression analysis to understand whether changes in drug dosage will impact patients' blood pressure. Pharmaceutical companies taking advantagebest HCP engagement platformsto increase brand awareness in the virtual space.

For example, researchers will give different doses of a certain drug to patients and watch for changes in their blood pressure. They will fit a simple regression model using dose as a predictor variable and blood pressure as a response variable.

4. Text editing

  • Logistic regression is a popular choice for many natural language processing (NLP) tasks, such as text pre-processing.
  • After that, you can use logistic regression to make claims about the text.
  • Email sorting, toxic voice detection, question thread sorting, etc. are some of the areas in which logistic regression presents excellent results.

5. Hospitality

  • You can use regression analysis to predict user intent and recognize them. For example, where do customers want to go? What are they planning to do?
  • You can even predict whether the customer didn't type anything into the search bar based on how they started.
  • It is not possible to build such a large and complex system from scratch. There are already several machine learning algorithms that have accumulated data and have simple models that make such predictions possible.

6. Professional sports

  • Data scientists working with professional sports teams use regression analysis to understand the effect that training regimens will have on player performance.
  • They will discover how different types of exercises, such as weightlifting sessions or Zumba sessions, affect the number of points a player scores for his team (say, basketball).
  • Using Zumba and weightlifting as predictor variables and the total points scored as the response variable, they will fit the regression model.

Based on the final values, analysts will recommend that a player participate in more or less weightlifting or Zumba sessions to maximize his performance.

7. Agriculture

  • Agricultural scientists use regression analysis to understand the effect of different fertilizers and how it affects crop yields.
  • For example, analysts can use different types of fertilizers and water in fields to understand if there is an impact on crop yields.
  • Based on the final results, agricultural analysts will change the amount of fertilizer and water to maximize agricultural production.


Using regression analysis helps to disentangle effects involving difficult research questions. This will allow you to make informed decisions, guide you with resource allocation, and increase your bottom line by a huge margin if you use the statistical method effectively.

If you are looking for an online survey tool to collect data for your regression analysis, SurveySparrow is one of the best options. SurveySparrow has a plethora of features that allow you to do everything possible with a survey tool. Get in touch with us to find out how we can help you.

What is regression analysis? Definition, types and examples (4)

kate william

Content Marketing at SurveySparrow

(Video) Regression: Crash Course Statistics #32


What is regression definition and types? ›

A regression is a statistical technique that relates a dependent variable to one or more independent (explanatory) variables. A regression model is able to show whether changes observed in the dependent variable are associated with changes in one or more of the explanatory variables.

What is regression analysis with example? ›

Formulating a regression analysis helps you predict the effects of the independent variable on the dependent one. Example: we can say that age and height can be described using a linear regression model. Since a person's height increases as age increases, they have a linear relationship.

What is in a regression analysis? ›

What is regression? Regression analysis allows for investigating the relationship between variables. 1 Usually, the variables are labelled as dependent or independent. An independent variable is an input, driver or factor that has an impact on a dependent variable (which can also be called an outcome).

What are some examples of regression? ›

Regression is a defense mechanism in which people seem to return to an earlier developmental stage. This tends to occur around periods of stress—for example, an overwhelmed child may revert to bedwetting or thumb-sucking. Regression may arise from a desire to reduce anxiety and feel psychologically safe.

What is a simple example of regression? ›

We could use the equation to predict weight if we knew an individual's height. In this example, if an individual was 70 inches tall, we would predict his weight to be: Weight = 80 + 2 x (70) = 220 lbs. In this simple linear regression, we are examining the impact of one independent variable on the outcome.

What is an example of a regression problem? ›

Some real-world examples for regression analysis include predicting the price of a house given house features, predicting the impact of SAT/GRE scores on college admissions, predicting the sales based on input parameters, predicting the weather, etc.

How do you find a regression example? ›

b= n(∑XY)−(∑X)(∑Y)n(∑x2)−(∑x)2
  1. Hence we got the value of a = 1.5 and b = 0.95.
  2. The linear equation is given by.
  3. Y = a + bx.
  4. Now put the value of a and b in the equation.
  5. Hence equation of linear regression is y = 1.5 + 0.95x.

What is an example of regression analysis in real life? ›

For example, it can be used to predict the relationship between reckless driving and the total number of road accidents caused by a driver, or, to use a business example, the effect on sales and spending a certain amount of money on advertising. Regression is one of the most common models of machine learning.

What is the purpose of regression analysis? ›

Typically, a regression analysis is done for one of two purposes: In order to predict the value of the dependent variable for individuals for whom some information concerning the explanatory variables is available, or in order to estimate the effect of some explanatory variable on the dependent variable.

What is regression analysis and its importance? ›

Regression analysis is a powerful quantitative technique that is used in every science and every industry. Multiple linear regression analysis is the most commonly used regression method in the world. It can help you explore and understand complicated data relationships.

What is a good example of regression to the mean? ›

A toy example

If you naively took your top performing 10% of students and give them a second test using the same strategy, the mean score would be expected to be close to 50. Thus your top performing students would “regress” all the way back to the mean of all students who took the original test.

What is regression analysis in short? ›

Regression analysis involves identifying the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. A model of the relationship is hypothesized, and estimates of the parameter values are used to develop an estimated regression equation.

What is the most common type of regression? ›

Linear Regression

The most extensively used modelling technique is linear regression, which assumes a linear connection between a dependent variable (Y) and an independent variable (X).

What are the examples of correlation and regression? ›

For instance, while correlation can be defined as the relationship between two variables, regression is how they affect each other. An example of this would be how an increase in rainfall would then cause various crops to grow, just like a drought would cause crops to wither or not grow at all.

What is the best definition of a regression equation? ›

URL copied. Share URL. [statistics] The mathematical formula applied to independent variables to best predict the dependent variable being modeled.

Where is regression used? ›

Regression analysis is a reliable method of identifying which variables have impact on a topic of interest. The process of performing a regression allows you to confidently determine which factors matter most, which factors can be ignored, and how these factors influence each other.

How do you identify a regression variable? ›

Which Variables Should You Include in a Regression Model?
  1. Variables that are already proven in the literature to be related to the outcome.
  2. Variables that can either be considered the cause of the exposure, the outcome, or both.
  3. Interaction terms of variables that have large main effects.
Nov 10, 2019

Why is it called regression? ›

"Regression" comes from "regress" which in turn comes from latin "regressus" - to go back (to something). In that sense, regression is the technique that allows "to go back" from messy, hard to interpret data, to a clearer and more meaningful model.

What are the two main points of regression analysis? ›

The overall idea of regression is to examine two things: (1) does a set of predictor variables do a good job in predicting an outcome (dependent) variable? (2) Which variables in particular are significant predictors of the outcome variable, and in what way do they–indicated by the magnitude and sign of the beta ...

What are the main types of regression? ›

Different Types of Regression Analysis – A Basic Guide
  • Linear Regression. ...
  • There are two kinds of Linear Regression Model:- ...
  • Assumptions of Linear Regression. ...
  • Polynomial Regression. ...
  • Logistic Regression. ...
  • Quantile Regression. ...
  • Ridge Regression. ...
  • Lasso Regression.

Is regression a type of classification? ›

Both regression and classification are types of supervised machine learning algorithms, where a model is trained according to the existing model along with correctly labeled data.

What are the three main purpose of regression? ›

The main uses of regression analysis are forecasting, time series modeling and finding the cause and effect relationship between variables.

How do you explain regression equations? ›

A linear regression line has an equation of the form Y = a + bX, where X is the explanatory variable and Y is the dependent variable. The slope of the line is b, and a is the intercept (the value of y when x = 0).

What is regression analysis for dummies? ›

Regression is a set of statistical approaches used for approximating the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables.

What is the difference between regression and correlation? ›

Correlation stipulates the degree to which both variables can move together. However, regression specifies the effect of the change in the unit in the known variable(p) on the evaluated variable (q). Correlation helps to constitute the connection between the two variables.

What is regression vs correlation? ›

The most commonly used techniques for investigating the relationship between two quantitative variables are correlation and linear regression. Correlation quantifies the strength of the linear relationship between a pair of variables, whereas regression expresses the relationship in the form of an equation.

What is the difference between regression and prediction? ›

The regression equation models the relationship between a response variable Y and a predictor variable X as a line. A regression model yields fitted values and residuals—predictions of the response and the errors of the predictions. Regression models are typically fit by the method of least squares.

What are the two types of regression? ›

Linear regression and logistic regression are two types of regression analysis techniques that are used to solve the regression problem using machine learning. They are the most prominent techniques of regression.

What does regression to mean? ›

Background Regression to the mean (RTM) is a statistical phenomenon that can make natural variation in repeated data look like real change. It happens when unusually large or small measurements tend to be followed by measurements that are closer to the mean.


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